Danae Azaria

Danae Azaria

LLB (2003), LLM (2004), LLM (2006), PhD (2013), Qualified Advocate (Athens Bar Association)

Senior Lecturer in Law

+44 (0)20 3108 8314


Danae Azaria joined the Faculty of Laws in 2013 and was appointed as Senior Lecturer in Law in 2017. Her monograph, Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and Countermeasures, was published by Oxford University Press (2015) in the series Oxford Monographs of International Law and was awarded the 2016 Paul Guggenheim Prize in Public International Law.

A panel inspired by her monograph was included in the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) and was moderated by the author. The video of the panel discussion ‘Energy on the Move’ can be accessed on the ASIL website and here.

From September to December 2016, Danae was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. In 2016, she was an expert of the UK delegation in the Sixth Committee of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (GA) in relation to the work of the International Law Commission (‘ILC’). From May to July 2016, she was a Visiting Fellow at the University of Geneva, where she undertook research in relation to the work of the ILC. In 2013, she worked at the UN Office in Geneva (ILC), as legal assistant to the Special Rapporteur of the ILC, Georg Nolte (2013), and was a visiting scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg on a scholarship from the Max Planck Society (2013). Previously, she has worked as a researcher at the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels (2009), and the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (2006).

Danae holds a PhD and LLM from UCL, a LLM from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and completed her undergraduate studies in law at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. She has received scholarships from the Hellenic State Scholarship Foundation and the Academy of Athens (the latter for her PhD studies).

Danae is an advocate of the Athens Bar Association. She collaborates as an academic advisor with law firms and industry, as well as numerous governmental departments and international organisations. Indicatively, since 2014, she has been a member of the Legal Advisory Task Force of the Energy Charter Secretariat. Since 2012, she has been a UK representative at the Management Committee of the Network of experts on the legal aspects of Maritime Safety and Security (MARSAFNET – COST Action IS1105) funded by the European Union, and a member of the Working Group on New Developments in Economic Activities at Sea.


Danae is a public international lawyer with particular interest in

  • the law of treaties
  • the law of international responsibility
  • international economic law
  • international energy law and law of the sea
  • the settlement of international disputes

Publications List


Treaties on Transit of Energy via Pipelines and Countermeasures (Oxford University Press, 2015: Oxford Monographs in International Law)

Reviewed in:

  • 65 International and Comparative Law Quarterly (2016) 519 [Malgosia Fitzmaurice]
  • Cambridge Law Journal (2016) [Anatole Boute]
  • Journal of Trade and Investment Law (2016) [Matteo Barra, Energy Charter Secretariat]
  • Harvard Journal of International Law (2016) [Pascal Laffont, International Energy Agency]
  • Chinese Journal of International Law (2016) [Guihong Wei]
  • British Yearbook of International Law (forthcoming 2017)


Articles and Book Contributions

‘Community Interest Obligations in International Energy Law’, in E. Benvenisti and G. Nolte (eds), Community Obligations in Contemporary International Law (Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2017) [18 pp]

‘Article 26, Installations’, in L. Boisson de Chazournes, M. Mbengue, M. Tignino (eds), The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses. A Commentary (Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2017) [20 pp]

‘Energy and Freshwater in International Courts and Tribunals’, M. Tignino, G. Pflieger and C. Bréthaut (eds), Research Handbook on Freshwater Law and International Relations (Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2017) [19 pp]

‘State Responsibility and Community Interest in International Energy Law: a European Perspective’, 5(2) Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law (2016) 169-201 [33 pp]

‘Energy on the Move’, American Society of International Law Proceedings (2016)  [9 pp]

‘Countermeasures and Bespoke Pipeline Treaties’, Journal of International Dispute Settlement (forthcoming, 2017) [25 pp]

‘The Scope and Content of Sovereign Rights in the Continental Shelf and the Exclusive Economic Zone’, 4 Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies (2016) ) 5-27 [22 pp]

‘The European Union’s contribution to shaping the law on standing and jurisdiction in the context of international dispute settlement’, in M. Cremona, A. Thiess and R. Wessel (eds), The EU and International Dispute Settlement (Hart Publishing, forthcoming 2017) [23 pp]

‘Exception of Non-Performance’, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (2015) [10 pp]

‘Energy Transit under the Energy Charter Treaty and the General Agreement for Tariffs and Trade’, 27(4) Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law (2009) 557-593 [34 pp]

‘Minimum standards of protection to individuals involved in transnational proceedings’, in Extradition – European Standards (Council of Europe 2007) (75 pp)

Expert Reports and Evidence

Written Evidence, House of Lords Select Committee on Extradition, 5 January 2015 [13 pp] [Cited in Select Committee Final Report, 2015]

Code of Minimum Standards of Protection to individuals involved in Transnational Proceedings, Expert Report, PC-TJ (2005) 07, Council of Europe, European Committee on Crime Problems (CDPC), Committee of Experts on Transnational Criminal Justice (PC-TJ), Strasbourg, 16 September 2005 [65 pp] [Cited in the Report of the UN International Law Commission concerning the work on Aut Dedere Aut Judicare, 2014]

Shorter publications

Case Notes for Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts:

  • R (on the application of Khan) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, ILDC 1965 (UK 2012) (targeted killing in Pakistan)
  • British Arab Commercial Bank plc v Transitional Council of the State of Libya, Declaratory Judgment, ILDC 1807 (UK 2011) (recognition of the National Council of Libya as the Government of Libya)

Energy Transit under the Energy Charter Treaty and the General Agreement for Tariffs and Trade’, WTO website on the 2010 WTO Report on Natural Resources.

Current Teaching

Public International Law

Convenor of the Energy Law specialism (LLM)
Law of Treaties (convenor)
International Energy Law (convenor)
Introduction to the International Law of the Sea (convenor)
EU Energy Law (not running 2017-2018)
International Environmental Law

PhD Supervision
Dr Azaria welcomes approaches for supervision of PhD candidates in public international law, law of treaties, international responsibility, international energy law and law of the sea.