Piet Eeckhout

Piet Eeckhout

Lic.iur. (LLB), Lic.Eur.iur. (LLM European Law), PhD (Ghent University)

Dean, Professor of EU Law

+44 (0)20 3108 8331


Piet Eeckhout is Professor of EU Law, and Academic Director of UCL’s European Institute. From 1 August 2017 he is Dean of UCL Faculty of Laws. Before joining UCL in 2012, he was Director of the Centre of European Law, at King’s College London (1998-2012). He studied law (lic.iur.) and European law (lic.Eur.iur – equivalent to LLM) at the University of Ghent, Belgium, where he also obtained his PhD degree. Before coming to London in 1998 he taught at the University of Ghent and at the University of Brussels (VUB). Between 1994 and 1998 he worked in the chambers of Advocate General Jacobs at the European Court of Justice.

Piet has been co-editor of the Yearbook of European Law (OUP) and of Current Legal Problems (UCL/OUP). With David Anderson QC (former UK Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation) he edits the Oxford EU Law Library (OUP), and in June 2017 he launched a new journal – Europe and the World – A Law Review – together with Prof Christina Eckes (Amsterdam) and Dr Anne Thies (Reading).

Piet has published widely in the fields of EU and international economic law. Much of his work has focused on EU external relations law, which has drawn him into the field of counterterrorism.  As an academic consultant he was deeply involved and influential in the groundbreaking Kadi litigation, between 2005 and 2013.


Professor Eeckhout’s research covers many areas of EU law and of international economic law. He has published papers on EU constitutional law, human rights law, internal market law, judicial protection, state aid law, and on various questions of WTO law. One of his main research interests is EU external relations, and his monograph on the subject is the leading text in this area.

Professor Eeckhout is particularly interested in the relationships between different legal systems, national, European, and international. His research into the legal effect of WTO law in EU law, and into the application of EU human-rights standards in national law is nurtured by this interest. He explores ways and means to interconnect and integrate legal systems so as to combat legal fragmentation.

In the area of external relations Professor Eeckhout is examining questions of constitutional government. The thesis he is working on is that there is no fundamental difference between internal and external policies; the latter require just as much democratic and accountable government, subject to the rule of law.

View Piet’s research profile on the UCL IRIS website and on SSRN.



  • With M Lopez Escudero, The European Union’s External Action in Times of Crisis, Hart Publishing 2016
  • With A Biondi and S Ripley (eds), EU Law After Lisbon, Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • EU External Relations Law, 2nd ed, Oxford EU Law Library, Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • With A Arnull and T Tridimas, Continuity and Change in EU Law – Essays in Honour of Sir Francis Jacobs, Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • With A Biondi and J Flynn (eds), The Law of State Aid in the European Union, Oxford University Press, 2004, 440 pp.
  • The European Internal Market and International Trade – A Legal Analysis, Oxford University Press, 1994.

Chapters in edited collections and journal articles:

  • With E Frantziou, ‘Brexit and Article 50 TEU: A Constitutionalist Reading’ 54 Common Market Law Review (2017) 695-734
  • ‘The Integration of Public International Law in EU Law: Analytical and Normative Questions’, in P Eeckhout and M Lopez Escudero, European External Action in Times of Crisis (Hart Publishing 2016) 189-204
  • With V Mantouvalou, ‘Accession of the EU to the ECHR: The Permeative Power of Human Rights’, in A Bogg, ACL Davies and C Costello (eds), Research Handbook on EU Labour Law (Edward Elgar 2016) 174-190
  • ‘Opinion 2/13 on Accession to the ECHR and Judicial Dialogue: Autonomy or Autarky?’ 38 Fordham International Law Journal (2015) 955-992
  • With M Waibel, ‘The United Kingdom’ in U Neergaard, C Jacqueson and J Hartig Danielsen (eds), The Economic and Monetary Union: Constitutional and Institutional Aspects of the Economic Governance within the EU (Copenhagen DJØF Publishing 2014) 619-654
  • ‘The European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms as an Integral Part of EU Law – Some Reflections on Status and Effect’, in S Adam, I Govaere, E Lannon, and P Van Elsuwege (eds), The EU in the World – Essays in Honour of Marc Maresceau (Martinus Nijhoff 2013) 87-100
  • ‘Human Rights and the Autonomy of EU Law – Pluralism or Integration?'(2013) 66 Current Legal Problems169-202
  • ‘Exclusive External Competences: Constructing the EU as an International Actor’, in The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on 60 Years of Case Law (Springer Verlag 2013) 613-636.
  • With F Ortino, “Towards an EU Policy on Foreign Direct Investment”, in ABiondi, P Eeckhout and S Ripley (eds), EU Law after Lisbon (Oxford University Press 2012) 312-327
  • ‘The EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy after Lisbon: From Pillar Talk to Constitutionalism’, in A Biondi, P Eeckhout and S Ripley (eds), EU Law after Lisbon (Oxford University Press 2012) 265-291
  • ‘Bold Constitutionalism and Beyond’, in M. Poiares Maduro and L. Azoulai (eds), The Past and Future of EU Law (Hart Publishing 2010) 218-223
  • ‘The Scales of Trade – Reflections on the Growth and Functions of the WTO Adjudicative Branch’, (2010) 13 (1) Journal of International Economic Law 3-26.
  • Chapter 15 – Remedies and Compliance‘, in D. Bethlehem, D. McRae, R. Neufeld and I. Van Damme (eds), The Oxford Handbook of International Trade Law, Oxford University Press 2009, pp. 438-459.
  • ‘Community Terrorism Listings, Fundamental Rights, and UN Security Council Resolutions: In Search of the Right Fit’, 3 European Constitutional Law Review (2007) 183-207.
  • ‘The EU and its Member States in the WTO – Issues of Responsibility’, in L Bartels and F Ortino (eds), Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System (Oxford University Press 2006) 449-464.
  • With A. Biondi, ‘State aid and obstacles to trade’, in A. Biondi, P. Eeckhout and J. Flynn (eds), EC State Aid Law (Oxford University Press, 2004).
  • ‘The European Courts after Nice’, in M. Andenas and J. Usher (eds), Legal Issues of the Nice Treaty, Hart Publishing, 2003, pp. 313-333.
  • ‘Judicial Enforcement of WTO Law in the European Union – Some Further Reflections’, (2002) 5 (1) Journal of International Economic Law 91-110.
  • ‘The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Federal Question’, Common Market Law Review (2002) 945-994.
  • ‘Constitutional Concepts for Free Trade in Services’ in J. Scott and G. de Búrca (eds), The EU and the WTO – Legal and Constitutional Issues, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2001, pp. 211-235.
  • ‘Liability of Member States in Damages and the Community System of Remedies’ in J. Beatson and T. Tridimas, New Directions in European Public Law, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 1998, 63-73.
  • ‘The European Court of Justice and the Legislature’, Yearbook of European Law (1998) 1-26.
  • ‘The domestic legal status of the WTO Agreement: Interconnecting legal systems’, 34 Common Market Law Review (1997) 11-58.

Current Teaching

EU and Human Rights Law

EU Trade and External Relations Law
The WTO and Trade Linkages in the WTO
Human Rights in Europe

PhD Supervision
Professor Eeckhout welcomes approaches from prospective PhD students in EU law and international economic law